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Key proxy vote rationales for 2022-2023

Shareholder proposal votes that fall into the environmental category include those that address the natural environment, such as climate change, emissions, pollution, and natural resource usage, and the business activities that amplify or mitigate those effects.

Vote rationales on shareholder proposals at S&P 500 companies: Environmental

COMPANY NAME INDUSTRY MEETING DATE PROPOSAL TEXT NUVEEN SHAREHOLDER PROPOSAL CATEGORY MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATION VOTE INSTRUCTION ISSUE VOTING PRINCIPLE                    VOTE RATIONALE
The Procter & Gamble Company Household Products 10/13/2020 Report on Efforts to Eliminate Deforestation Natural Resources Against For Environmental sustainability is a critical strategic issue for businesses across sectors. We believe how a company manages its impacts on the natural environment can support longer-term sustainable growth, or present unmitigated costs and risks. Companies should develop a strategic, long-term approach to addressing environmental risks and opportunities. We will generally support reasonable shareholder resolutions seeking disclosure or reports relating to a company’s initiatives to reduce any harmful impacts or other hazards to local, regional or global ecosystems that result from its operations or activities. Support for the proposal is warranted based on the materiality of the outcome as it relates to the risks and opportunities that will drive long-term value for the company and industry.
Charter Communications, Inc. Media 4/27/2021 Report on Greenhouse Gas Emissions Disclosure Climate Change Against For We believe measures that mitigate the costs and risks associated with climate change and provide greater market certainty regarding a transition to a low-carbon economy support longer-term sustainable growth. Companies should assess material climate-related risks and resource efficiency in operations, production processes, and supply chain management, and should publicly disclose relevant data related to both. Disclosure should capture how climate change may impact the company’s long term business outlook, strategic planning and capital allocation decisions. We will generally support reasonable shareholder resolutions seeking disclosure of greenhouse gas emissions, the impact of climate change on a company’s business activities and products and strategies designed to reduce the company’s long-term impact on the global climate. Support for the proposal is warranted based on company-specific materiality and factors related to the strategy and oversight of the underlying issue.
DuPont de Nemours, Inc. Chemicals 4/28/2021 Report on Plastic Pollution Natural Resources Against For Environmental sustainability is a critical strategic issue for businesses across sectors. We believe how a company manages its impacts on the natural environment can support longer-term sustainable growth, or present unmitigated costs and risks. Companies should develop a strategic, long-term approach to addressing environmental risks and opportunities. We will generally support reasonable shareholder resolutions seeking disclosure or reports relating to a company’s initiatives to reduce any harmful impacts or other hazards to local, regional or global ecosystems that result from its operations or activities. Support for the proposal is warranted based on factors related to a material company or industry controversy that have not been addressed fully.
Berkshire Hathaway Inc. Diversified Financial Services 5/1/2021 Report on Climate-Related Risks and Opportunities Climate Change Against For We believe measures that mitigate the costs and risks associated with climate change and provide greater market certainty regarding a transition to a low-carbon economy support longer-term sustainable growth. Companies should assess material climate-related risks and resource efficiency in operations, production processes, and supply chain management, and should publicly disclose relevant data related to both. Disclosure should capture how climate change may impact the company’s long term business outlook, strategic planning and capital allocation decisions. We will generally support reasonable shareholder resolutions seeking disclosure of greenhouse gas emissions, the impact of climate change on a company’s business activities and products and strategies designed to reduce the company’s long-term impact on the global climate. Support for the proposal is warranted based on the materiality of the outcome as it relates to the risks and opportunities that will drive long-term value for the company and industry.
General Electric Company Industrial Conglomerates 5/4/2021 Report on Meeting the Criteria of the Net Zero Indicator Climate Change For For We believe measures that mitigate the costs and risks associated with climate change and provide greater market certainty regarding a transition to a low-carbon economy support longer-term sustainable growth. Companies should assess material climate-related risks and resource efficiency in operations, production processes, and supply chain management, and should publicly disclose relevant data related to both. Disclosure should capture how climate change may impact the company’s long term business outlook, strategic planning and capital allocation decisions. We will generally support reasonable shareholder resolutions seeking disclosure of greenhouse gas emissions, the impact of climate change on a company’s business activities and products and strategies designed to reduce the company’s long-term impact on the global climate. Support for the proposal is warranted based on the materiality of the outcome as it relates to the risks and opportunities that will drive long-term value for the company and industry.
T. Rowe Price Group, Inc. Capital Markets 5/11/2021 Report on and Assess Proxy Voting Policies in Relation to Climate Change Position Climate Change Against Against We believe measures that mitigate the costs and risks associated with climate change and provide greater market certainty regarding a transition to a low-carbon economy support longer-term sustainable growth. Companies should assess material climate-related risks and resource efficiency in operations, production processes, and supply chain management, and should publicly disclose relevant data related to both. Disclosure should capture how climate change may impact the company’s long term business outlook, strategic planning and capital allocation decisions. We will generally support reasonable shareholder resolutions seeking disclosure of greenhouse gas emissions, the impact of climate change on a company’s business activities and products and strategies designed to reduce the company’s long-term impact on the global climate. Support for the proposal is not warranted based on how the intended outcome will change the risks and opportunities for the company and industry in creating long-term value.
ConocoPhillips Oil, Gas & Consumable Fuels 5/11/2021 Emission Reduction Targets Climate Change Against For We believe measures that mitigate the costs and risks associated with climate change and provide greater market certainty regarding a transition to a low-carbon economy support longer-term sustainable growth. Companies should assess material climate-related risks and resource efficiency in operations, production processes, and supply chain management, and should publicly disclose relevant data related to both. Disclosure should capture how climate change may impact the company’s long term business outlook, strategic planning and capital allocation decisions. We will generally support reasonable shareholder resolutions seeking disclosure of greenhouse gas emissions, the impact of climate change on a company’s business activities and products and strategies designed to reduce the company’s long-term impact on the global climate. Support for the proposal is warranted based on the materiality of the thematic issue addressed and the need for the company to be more accountable in furthering the outcome as stated [or intended] in the proposal.
Phillips 66 Oil, Gas & Consumable Fuels 5/12/2021 Adopt GHG Emissions Reduction Targets Climate Change Against For We believe measures that mitigate the costs and risks associated with climate change and provide greater market certainty regarding a transition to a low-carbon economy support longer-term sustainable growth. Companies should assess material climate-related risks and resource efficiency in operations, production processes, and supply chain management, and should publicly disclose relevant data related to both. Disclosure should capture how climate change may impact the company’s long term business outlook, strategic planning and capital allocation decisions. We will generally support reasonable shareholder resolutions seeking disclosure of greenhouse gas emissions, the impact of climate change on a company’s business activities and products and strategies designed to reduce the company’s long-term impact on the global climate. Support for the proposal is warranted based on factors related to material stakeholder risks that have not been addressed fully.
Phillips 66 Oil, Gas & Consumable Fuels 5/12/2021 Report on Climate Lobbying Climate Change Against Against We believe measures that mitigate the costs and risks associated with climate change and provide greater market certainty regarding a transition to a low-carbon economy support longer-term sustainable growth. Companies should assess material climate-related risks and resource efficiency in operations, production processes, and supply chain management, and should publicly disclose relevant data related to both. Disclosure should capture how climate change may impact the company’s long term business outlook, strategic planning and capital allocation decisions. We will generally support reasonable shareholder resolutions seeking disclosure of greenhouse gas emissions, the impact of climate change on a company’s business activities and products and strategies designed to reduce the company’s long-term impact on the global climate. Support for the proposal is not warranted on the basis that the current state of disclosure on the issue is sufficient to evaluate performance and support integration into the investment process.
United Parcel Service, Inc. Air Freight & Logistics 5/13/2021 Report on Climate Change Climate Change Against For We believe measures that mitigate the costs and risks associated with climate change and provide greater market certainty regarding a transition to a low-carbon economy support longer-term sustainable growth. Companies should assess material climate-related risks and resource efficiency in operations, production processes, and supply chain management, and should publicly disclose relevant data related to both. Disclosure should capture how climate change may impact the company’s long term business outlook, strategic planning and capital allocation decisions. We will generally support reasonable shareholder resolutions seeking disclosure of greenhouse gas emissions, the impact of climate change on a company’s business activities and products and strategies designed to reduce the company’s long-term impact on the global climate. Support for the proposal is warranted based on the materiality of the outcome as it relates to the risks and opportunities that will drive long-term value for the company and industry.
Union Pacific Corporation Road & Rail 5/13/2021 Annual Vote and Report on Climate Change Climate Change Against For We believe measures that mitigate the costs and risks associated with climate change and provide greater market certainty regarding a transition to a low-carbon economy support longer-term sustainable growth. Companies should assess material climate-related risks and resource efficiency in operations, production processes, and supply chain management, and should publicly disclose relevant data related to both. Disclosure should capture how climate change may impact the company’s long term business outlook, strategic planning and capital allocation decisions. We will generally support reasonable shareholder resolutions seeking disclosure of greenhouse gas emissions, the impact of climate change on a company’s business activities and products and strategies designed to reduce the company’s long-term impact on the global climate. Support for the proposal is warranted based on the materiality of the thematic issue addressed and the need for the company to be more accountable in furthering the outcome as stated [or intended] in the proposal.
Norfolk Southern Corporation Road & Rail 5/13/2021 Report on Corporate Climate Lobbying Aligned with Paris Agreement Climate Change Against For We believe measures that mitigate the costs and risks associated with climate change and provide greater market certainty regarding a transition to a low-carbon economy support longer-term sustainable growth. Companies should assess material climate-related risks and resource efficiency in operations, production processes, and supply chain management, and should publicly disclose relevant data related to both. Disclosure should capture how climate change may impact the company’s long term business outlook, strategic planning and capital allocation decisions. We will generally support reasonable shareholder resolutions seeking disclosure of greenhouse gas emissions, the impact of climate change on a company’s business activities and products and strategies designed to reduce the company’s long-term impact on the global climate. Support for the proposal is warranted based on the materiality of the thematic issue addressed and the need for the company to be more accountable in furthering the outcome as stated [or intended] in the proposal.
Sempra Energy Multi-Utilities 5/14/2021 Report on Corporate Climate Lobbying Aligned with Paris Agreement Climate Change Against Against We believe measures that mitigate the costs and risks associated with climate change and provide greater market certainty regarding a transition to a low-carbon economy support longer-term sustainable growth. Companies should assess material climate-related risks and resource efficiency in operations, production processes, and supply chain management, and should publicly disclose relevant data related to both. Disclosure should capture how climate change may impact the company’s long term business outlook, strategic planning and capital allocation decisions. We will generally support reasonable shareholder resolutions seeking disclosure of greenhouse gas emissions, the impact of climate change on a company’s business activities and products and strategies designed to reduce the company’s long-term impact on the global climate. Support for the proposal is not warranted based on the company demonstrating sufficient accountability in addressing the intended outcome associated with the thematic issue.
Chevron Corporation Oil, Gas & Consumable Fuels 5/26/2021 Reduce Scope 3 Emissions Climate Change Against For We believe measures that mitigate the costs and risks associated with climate change and provide greater market certainty regarding a transition to a low-carbon economy support longer-term sustainable growth. Companies should assess material climate-related risks and resource efficiency in operations, production processes, and supply chain management, and should publicly disclose relevant data related to both. Disclosure should capture how climate change may impact the company’s long term business outlook, strategic planning and capital allocation decisions. We will generally support reasonable shareholder resolutions seeking disclosure of greenhouse gas emissions, the impact of climate change on a company’s business activities and products and strategies designed to reduce the company’s long-term impact on the global climate. Support for the proposal is warranted based on company-specific materiality and factors related to the strategy and oversight of the underlying issue.
Chevron Corporation Oil, Gas & Consumable Fuels 5/26/2021 Report on Impacts of Net Zero 2050 Scenario Climate Change Against For We believe measures that mitigate the costs and risks associated with climate change and provide greater market certainty regarding a transition to a low-carbon economy support longer-term sustainable growth. Companies should assess material climate-related risks and resource efficiency in operations, production processes, and supply chain management, and should publicly disclose relevant data related to both. Disclosure should capture how climate change may impact the company’s long term business outlook, strategic planning and capital allocation decisions. We will generally support reasonable shareholder resolutions seeking disclosure of greenhouse gas emissions, the impact of climate change on a company’s business activities and products and strategies designed to reduce the company’s long-term impact on the global climate. Support for the proposal is warranted on the basis that more robust disclosures are required on the issue to improve market-wide transparency and support integration into the investment process.
United Airlines Holdings, Inc. Airlines 5/26/2021 Report on Global Warming-Related Lobbying Activities Climate Change Against For We believe measures that mitigate the costs and risks associated with climate change and provide greater market certainty regarding a transition to a low-carbon economy support longer-term sustainable growth. Companies should assess material climate-related risks and resource efficiency in operations, production processes, and supply chain management, and should publicly disclose relevant data related to both. Disclosure should capture how climate change may impact the company’s long term business outlook, strategic planning and capital allocation decisions. We will generally support reasonable shareholder resolutions seeking disclosure of greenhouse gas emissions, the impact of climate change on a company’s business activities and products and strategies designed to reduce the company’s long-term impact on the global climate. Support for the proposal is warranted on the basis that more robust disclosures are required on the issue to improve market-wide transparency and support integration into the investment process.
Amazon.com, Inc. Internet & Direct Marketing Retail 5/26/2021 Report on the Impacts of Plastic Packaging Natural Resources Against For Environmental sustainability is a critical strategic issue for businesses across sectors. We believe how a company manages its impacts on the natural environment can support longer-term sustainable growth, or present unmitigated costs and risks. Companies should develop a strategic, long-term approach to addressing environmental risks and opportunities. We will generally support reasonable shareholder resolutions seeking disclosure or reports relating to a company’s initiatives to reduce any harmful impacts or other hazards to local, regional or global ecosystems that result from its operations or activities. Support for the proposal is warranted on the basis that the company’s current disclosures do not provide sufficient transparency to evaluate fully the risks and opportunities associated with the underlying issue.
Exxon Mobil Corporation Oil, Gas & Consumable Fuels 5/26/2021 Issue Audited Report on Financial Impacts of IEA's Net Zero 2050 Scenario Climate Change None For We believe measures that mitigate the costs and risks associated with climate change and provide greater market certainty regarding a transition to a low-carbon economy support longer-term sustainable growth. Companies should assess material climate-related risks and resource efficiency in operations, production processes, and supply chain management, and should publicly disclose relevant data related to both. Disclosure should capture how climate change may impact the company’s long term business outlook, strategic planning and capital allocation decisions. We will generally support reasonable shareholder resolutions seeking disclosure of greenhouse gas emissions, the impact of climate change on a company’s business activities and products and strategies designed to reduce the company’s long-term impact on the global climate. Support for the proposal is warranted on the basis that more robust disclosures are required on the issue to improve market-wide transparency and support integration into the investment process.
Exxon Mobil Corporation Oil, Gas & Consumable Fuels 5/26/2021 Report on Corporate Climate Lobbying Aligned with Paris Agreement Climate Change None For We believe measures that mitigate the costs and risks associated with climate change and provide greater market certainty regarding a transition to a low-carbon economy support longer-term sustainable growth. Companies should assess material climate-related risks and resource efficiency in operations, production processes, and supply chain management, and should publicly disclose relevant data related to both. Disclosure should capture how climate change may impact the company’s long term business outlook, strategic planning and capital allocation decisions. We will generally support reasonable shareholder resolutions seeking disclosure of greenhouse gas emissions, the impact of climate change on a company’s business activities and products and strategies designed to reduce the company’s long-term impact on the global climate. Support for the proposal is warranted based on the materiality of the thematic issue addressed and the need for the company to be more accountable in furthering the outcome as stated [or intended] in the proposal.
Walmart Inc. Food & Staples Retailing 6/2/2021 Report on Refrigerants Released from Operations Climate Change Against Against We believe measures that mitigate the costs and risks associated with climate change and provide greater market certainty regarding a transition to a low-carbon economy support longer-term sustainable growth. Companies should assess material climate-related risks and resource efficiency in operations, production processes, and supply chain management, and should publicly disclose relevant data related to both. Disclosure should capture how climate change may impact the company’s long term business outlook, strategic planning and capital allocation decisions. We will generally support reasonable shareholder resolutions seeking disclosure of greenhouse gas emissions, the impact of climate change on a company’s business activities and products and strategies designed to reduce the company’s long-term impact on the global climate. Support for the proposal is not warranted based on the company demonstrating sufficient accountability in addressing the intended outcome associated with the thematic issue.
Booking Holdings Inc. Hotels, Restaurants & Leisure 6/3/2021 Annual Investor Advisory Vote on Climate Plan Climate Change Against For We believe measures that mitigate the costs and risks associated with climate change and provide greater market certainty regarding a transition to a low-carbon economy support longer-term sustainable growth. Companies should assess material climate-related risks and resource efficiency in operations, production processes, and supply chain management, and should publicly disclose relevant data related to both. Disclosure should capture how climate change may impact the company’s long term business outlook, strategic planning and capital allocation decisions. We will generally support reasonable shareholder resolutions seeking disclosure of greenhouse gas emissions, the impact of climate change on a company’s business activities and products and strategies designed to reduce the company’s long-term impact on the global climate. Support for the proposal is warranted based on the materiality of the thematic issue addressed and the need for the company to be more accountable in furthering the outcome as stated [or intended] in the proposal.
Booking Holdings Inc. Hotels, Restaurants & Leisure 6/3/2021 Report on Annual Climate Transition Climate Change Against For We believe measures that mitigate the costs and risks associated with climate change and provide greater market certainty regarding a transition to a low-carbon economy support longer-term sustainable growth. Companies should assess material climate-related risks and resource efficiency in operations, production processes, and supply chain management, and should publicly disclose relevant data related to both. Disclosure should capture how climate change may impact the company’s long term business outlook, strategic planning and capital allocation decisions. We will generally support reasonable shareholder resolutions seeking disclosure of greenhouse gas emissions, the impact of climate change on a company’s business activities and products and strategies designed to reduce the company’s long-term impact on the global climate. Support for the proposal is warranted based on the materiality of the outcome as it relates to the risks and opportunities that will drive long-term value for the company and industry.
Caterpillar Inc. Machinery 6/9/2021 Report on Climate Policy Climate Change Against For We believe measures that mitigate the costs and risks associated with climate change and provide greater market certainty regarding a transition to a low-carbon economy support longer-term sustainable growth. Companies should assess material climate-related risks and resource efficiency in operations, production processes, and supply chain management, and should publicly disclose relevant data related to both. Disclosure should capture how climate change may impact the company’s long term business outlook, strategic planning and capital allocation decisions. We will generally support reasonable shareholder resolutions seeking disclosure of greenhouse gas emissions, the impact of climate change on a company’s business activities and products and strategies designed to reduce the company’s long-term impact on the global climate. Support for the proposal is warranted based on factors related to material stakeholder risks that have not been addressed fully.
Monster Beverage Corporation Beverages 6/15/2021 Annual Vote and Report on Climate Change Climate Change Against Against We believe measures that mitigate the costs and risks associated with climate change and provide greater market certainty regarding a transition to a low-carbon economy support longer-term sustainable growth. Companies should assess material climate-related risks and resource efficiency in operations, production processes, and supply chain management, and should publicly disclose relevant data related to both. Disclosure should capture how climate change may impact the company’s long term business outlook, strategic planning and capital allocation decisions. We will generally support reasonable shareholder resolutions seeking disclosure of greenhouse gas emissions, the impact of climate change on a company’s business activities and products and strategies designed to reduce the company’s long-term impact on the global climate. Support for the proposal is not warranted as the proposal is not an effective or practical means to address the underlying issue or achieve the intended outcome.
Delta Air Lines, Inc. Airlines 6/17/2021 Report on Climate Lobbying Climate Change Against For We believe measures that mitigate the costs and risks associated with climate change and provide greater market certainty regarding a transition to a low-carbon economy support longer-term sustainable growth. Companies should assess material climate-related risks and resource efficiency in operations, production processes, and supply chain management, and should publicly disclose relevant data related to both. Disclosure should capture how climate change may impact the company’s long term business outlook, strategic planning and capital allocation decisions. We will generally support reasonable shareholder resolutions seeking disclosure of greenhouse gas emissions, the impact of climate change on a company’s business activities and products and strategies designed to reduce the company’s long-term impact on the global climate. Support for the proposal is warranted based on the materiality of the outcome as it relates to the risks and opportunities that will drive long-term value for the company and industry.
The Kroger Co. Food & Staples Retailing 6/24/2021 Assess Environmental Impact of Non-Recyclable Packaging Natural Resources Against For Environmental sustainability is a critical strategic issue for businesses across sectors. We believe how a company manages its impacts on the natural environment can support longer-term sustainable growth, or present unmitigated costs and risks. Companies should develop a strategic, long-term approach to addressing environmental risks and opportunities. We will generally support reasonable shareholder resolutions seeking disclosure or reports relating to a company’s initiatives to reduce any harmful impacts or other hazards to local, regional or global ecosystems that result from its operations or activities. Support for the proposal is warranted on the basis that more robust disclosures are required on the issue to improve market-wide transparency and support integration into the investment process.
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