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grapes on the vine

Glossary: E-F

Irrigating Napa vineyards with recycled wastewater conserves a community’s most precious commodity.

Water is essential for all crop growth. On the land we manage in our diversified cropping portfolio, for certain crops we grow, we require irrigation to supplement rainfall. Conserving water through innovation benefits our tenants, crop managers, the environment and investors.


/in-'gāj-mənt/ noun

Engaging with our farm operators, Nuveen strives for optimal water efficiency using a range of innovations, technologies and cooperative efforts. In 2014, the vineyard management team for affiliate Westchester Group Investment Management worked with the Napa Sanitation District to recycle treated wastewater for irrigation

Nuveen invested $2M in capital and property easements to develop a two-foot wide pipeline irrigating our properties and those of 30 to 40 other landowners in Los Carneros Water District. Reusing wastewater cut irrigation costs by up to 65 percent,2 improving the bottom line for local farmers, and is expected to reduce surface and groundwater consumption in the area by 75 percent.

Glossary: E-F


A dialogue between an investor and an issuer focused on positively influencing corporate behavior on a variety of topics, including ESG issues.

Environmental, social and governance (ESG)

Typically refers to the factors and issues investors consider regarding a firm’s sustainable business practices.

►  Environmental:  A responsible investing factor dealing with climate impact, energy consumption, biodiversity, waste management and natural resource use.

Example: Waste management 
Innovative packaging can reduce waste while also driving down material and transport costs.

►  Social: A responsible investing factor dealing with employee engagement and development, labor relations, human rights practice, product safety and consumer protection.

Example: Health and safety 
Effective health and safety programs can mitigate unexpected costs caused by workplace injuries, e.g., medical expenses, workplace disruption, productivity loss

►  Governance:  A responsible investing factor dealing with management structure, board accountability and independence, executive compensation, audits and internal controls and shareholder rights.

Example: Board diversity 
A wide range of competencies, knowledge, and perspectives can lead to better decision-making and more effective corporate governance.

ESG integration

Considering material ESG factors within the investment decision making process.

ESG investing

Examining a company’s exposure to ESG-related risks and opportunities, focusing on the ones most likely to have a material impact on investment performance. 

A-D       E-F       G-N       O-R       S-Z

Investing involves risk; principal loss is possible.

1 Nuveen Real Estate: Net zero carbon pathway (2020)

2 Nuveen Natural Capital: Investing in Farmland (2020)

3The World Green Building Council: From Thousands to Billions (2017)

Responsible investing incorporates Environmental Social Governance (ESG) factors that may affect exposure to issuers, sectors, industries, limiting the type and number of investment opportunities available, which could result in excluding investments that perform well.

Because ESG criteria excludes some investments, an ESG strategy may not be able to take advantage of the same opportunities or market trends as funds that do not use such criteria.

The views and opinions expressed are for informational and educational purposes only as of the date of production/writing and may change without notice at any time based on factors such as market conditions or legal and regulatory developments. All information has been obtained from sources believed to be reliable, but its accuracy is not guaranteed. This material may contain “forward-looking” information that is not purely historical in nature. Such information may include, among other things, projections, forecasts, estimates of market returns, and proposed or expected portfolio composition. Any changes to assumptions made in preparing this material could have a material impact on the information presented herein. Past performance is no guarantee of future results. Investing involves risk; principal loss is possible. This information does not constitute investment research as defined under MiFID.

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