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Investment outlook

The upside of higher rates

Emilia Wiener
Chief Investment Officer, TIAA General Account
Views from the TIAA GA

Views from the TIAA General Account

Higher rates and economic uncertainty are challenging investors, even those focused on the long term. What’s your view?

In my experience, there’s never a market that isn’t challenging. But it’s worth pointing out that because the General Account (GA) is a yield-oriented investor, we’re not entirely unhappy about the increase in rates!

We’re able to take advantage of higher rates to add investments with attractive long-term yields to the portfolio. That’s actually a huge relief after the multi-year near-zero rates world.

Our focus right now is on the direct and indirect effects of these higher rates on the portfolio’s asset quality and on the resulting stresses. We’re thinking about events like the risk of a moderate to severe recession or possible monetary policy mistakes.

In this higher rate environment and as liquid assets become more attractive, how does this affect the GA’s asset allocation between liquid and illiquid assets?

We benefit from an incredibly strong financial position relative to the broader insurance industry and with a relatively illiquid liability structure, we are able to support a measure of illiquidity in our invested assets.

So long as we see the opportunity to capture attractive illiquidity and complexity premiums relative to comparable risks in public markets, we will continue, on balance, to favor private markets in our allocations. That said, we watch that relative value between public and private markets very carefully especially in light of higher rates, and we're prepared to pivot should we find that private premiums become less compelling.

How are you employing alternatives and private markets as part of the GA’s portfolio strategy.

We incorporate private credit and real assets like infrastructure, timber, agriculture as well as venture capital in our alternatives portfolio. These assets provide the potential for uncorrelated risks to the rest of the portfolio, offering good diversification and often lower mark-to-market volatility than public markets.

Private markets (particularly private credit) remain a core allocation for the GA. They currently represent nearly a quarter of our invested assets, which is a level we’re comfortable with.

Private credit has proven to be a defensive asset class, generating premiums for liquidity and complexity. And we generally experience higher recoveries in default situations. So the combination of those features make it a very attractive core allocation for us.

Where are you seeing the opportunities in private markets?

I think private markets are actually a beneficiary of all of the macro uncertainty, and we’re seeing opportunities in both the U.S. and Europe.

Nuveen’s recent acquisition of Arcmont has given us better insights into the European market and the potential for compelling risk-adjusted returns there. It’s true that some of this is technical in nature because the macro environment has altered supply and demand relationships, and because liquid, high yield markets have been effectively closed for months. But we think private markets offer great value through the cycle. And sometimes, like now, they appear even more attractive.

What signals are you looking for to indicate a better or worse outlook?

Clearly all eyes are on the U.S. Federal Reserve and whether or not there will be a policy mistake. As we’re watching the inflation data come through, the risk of a more severe recession is starting to ameliorate. Our base case right now is that we might see a mild recession, possibly later in the year.

We’re also watching consumer leverage and spending levels in the U.S., and banks’ reluctance to lend into particular segments, particularly commercial real estate where we’re already seeing weakening valuations due to limited liquidity currently. Default and recovery trends are other indicators we watch, as higher interest rates take a bite out of interest coverage levels and put pressure on companies that are highly levered.


We think private markets offer great value through the cycle. And sometimes, like now, they appear even more attractive.” 

As part of her participation in Nuveen’s Global Investment Committee, Emilia Wiener offers her perspective as an institutional investor and asset allocator. Neither Emilia nor any other member of the TIAA General Account team are involved in portfolio management decisions for any third-party Nuveen strategies.

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Alternative Investments – Investors should be aware that alternative investments including private equity and private debt are speculative, subject to substantial risks including the risks associated with limited liquidity, the potential use of leverage, potential short sales and concentrated investments and may involve complex tax structures and investment strategies. Alternative investments may be illiquid, there may be no liquid secondary market or ready purchasers for such securities, they may not be required to provide periodic pricing or valuation information to investors, there may be delays in distributing tax information to investors, they are not subject to the same regulatory requirements as other types of pooled investment vehicles, and they may be subject to high fees and expenses, which will reduce profits.

Private equity and private debt investments, like alternative investments are not suitable for all investors given they are speculative, subject to substantial risks including the risks associated with limited liquidity, the potential use of leverage, potential short sales, concentrated investments and may involve complex tax structures and investment strategies.

The views and opinions expressed are for informational and educational purposes only, as of the date of production/writing and may change without notice at any time based on numerous factors, such as market or other conditions, legal and regulatory developments, additional risks and uncertainties and may not come to pass. This material may contain “forward-looking” information that is not purely historical in nature. Such information may include, among other things, projections, forecasts, estimates of market returns, and proposed or expected portfolio composition. Any changes to assumptions that may have been made in preparing this material could have a material impact on the information presented herein by way of example.

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This material is presented for informational purposes only and may change in response to changing economic and market conditions. This material is not intended to be a recommendation or investment advice, does not constitute a solicitation to buy or sell securities, and is not provided in a fiduciary capacity. The information provided does not take into account the specific objectives or circumstances of any particular investor, or suggest any specific course of action. Financial professionals should independently evaluate the risks associated with products or services and exercise independent judgment with respect to their clients. Certain products and services may not be available to all entities or persons. Past performance is not indicative of future results.

Economic and market forecasts are subject to uncertainty and may change based on varying market conditions, political and economic developments. As an asset class, real assets are less developed, more illiquid, and less transparent compared to traditional asset classes. Investments will be subject to risks generally associated with the ownership of real estate-related assets and foreign investing, including changes in economic conditions, currency values, environmental risks, the cost of and ability to obtain insurance, and risks related to leasing of properties.

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