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Fixed income impact investing

Community and economic development

Community and Economic Development

Community and economic development

Impact objectives
• Increase access to finance for small businesses

• Increase skills and knowledge to attain/sustain employment and livelihoods

• Improve availability of healthcare and medical services

• Create more inclusive and sustainable communities

• Sustainably increase farm productivity to improve rural livelihoods

• Reduce food insecurity

• Support recovery from disaster, conflict, or crisis

• Support macroeconomic development and institutional capacity building
Project type
• Benefits underserved and/or economically disadvantaged communities

• Services: financial, hospital/medical, and educational

• Urban revitalization: community centers, reconstruction activities

• International development and humanitarian activities: disaster relief, economic aid, and agricultural support

Amount invested: $547.8 Million

SDG alignment

impact report 

Community Facilities built 210,039 square feet  
Full-time jobs created 1.1 million  
Farmers and fishers trained 4.8 million  
People reached through community programs 37.4 million  


International Development Association (IDA)
  • Sector
    Investment grade, government related – credit
  • Mission
    The IDA is an international organization established in 1960 and owned by its 173 member countries. It is the largest multilateral channel for providing favorable financing and knowledge services to the world’s poorest countries and is one of the five institutions of the World Bank Group.
  • Use of proceeds
    Net proceeds from the sale of these notes will be used to support sustainable development projects and programs in IDA’s member countries.
  • Measurable impact 
    Between fiscal years 2011 and 2017, IDA programs had measurable impacts that included:
    • 602 million people receiving essential health services
    • 172.3 million people benefited from essential health, nutrition, and population services
    • 22.8 million people benefited from access to electricity
    • 66,000 people benefited from access to financial services
    • 4.4 million farmers trained
    • 847,222 MWh of energy saved
    • 14.2 million MT of CO2-equivalent emissions avoided
Starbucks Coffee Company
  • Sector
    Investment grade corporate bond
  • Mission
    Starbucks’ C.A.F.E. Practices, an ethical program for sourcing coffee, was developed in 2004 with Conservation International, an environmental NGO. C.A.F.E. Practices include standards related to quality, economic, social, and environmental performance. C.A.F.E. Practices also promote environmentally responsible growing methods, ensure minimum wages and fair working conditions, and advocate for economic transparency and resource management.3
  • Use of proceeds
    With the inaugural May 2016 issuance of a $500 million sustainability bond, Starbucks made a commitment to use the bond’s proceeds for improving its supply chain’s environmental and social impact. Proceeds from the issuance were used in its first year to elevate the positive impacts of Starbucks coffee supply chain in three ways:
    • Adding 86 new Coffee and Farmer Equity (C.A.F.E.) Practices-verified supply chains, primarily represented by new coffee farms and mills. This provides a portion of nearly 650 million pounds of coffee sourced by Starbucks from May 2016 to May 2017. Over 2.7 billion pounds of C.A.F.E. Practices-verified coffee was also available for other roasters to purchase during the same period.
    • Developing 1 new Farmer Support Center and operating 8 existing Farmer Support Centers
    • Providing loans to farmers across the globe through the Global Farmer Fund
  • Measurable impact
    88,000 coffee farmers were trained through the nine farmer support centers in 2017-2019
Community and economic 
We invested $3 million in a sustainability bond issued by Starbucks
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Core impact bond strategy

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Dimitri Stathopoulos
United States
1 Reporting methodology The Nuveen Responsible Investing team developed this report to provide an indication of the aggregate social and environmental impact created by the projects and organizations financed in part by the Strategy. Given the difficulty of attributing impact in proportion to the size of the Strategy's share of each bond issuance (which ranges from 0.015% to 100%), the data reflect total impact generated by the project, program, or issuer rather than the Strategy's share alone.The report represents bonds that are classified under the Strategy's proprietary impact framework and for which relevant data are available. All impact data are sourced from publicly available issuer disclosures at the bond or project level when possible, or the program or issuer level if not. Metrics selected for each impact theme reflect the information most commonly reported by issuers, and each metric includes data from between 2 and 46 issuers. In cases where the Strategy has a large position in a certain issuer, we prioritize selecting metrics reported by that issuer.
2 U.S. census data.
3 http://www.sustainalytics.com/sites/default/files/sbux_sustainability_bond_framework__10052016.pdf

A word on risk
Because ESG criteria exclude some securities, investments in ESG-focused products may not be able to take advantage of the same opportunities or market trends as products that do not use such criteria. Investment products in general may be subject to market and other risk factors. 

The investment advisory services, strategies and expertise of TIAA Investments, a division of Nuveen, are provided by Teachers Advisors, LLC and TIAA-CREF Investment Management, LLC. Securities offered through Nuveen Securities, LLC.