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Investment Outlook

The economy and markets

Brian Nick
Chief Investment Strategist
wooden train in a forest

Key points to note

Believe it or not, things are getting back to normal. 

It may not feel like it, but the global economy is getting back to normal. Prices are falling for durable goods as demand has dried up, but rents continue to rise, supported by undersupply and rising wages. Consumers are willing to pay high prices for long-delayed vacations. Meanwhile, tighter monetary policy is behaving as expected on parts of the economy — like housing — that are most sensitive to interest rate changes. Understandably, investors are focused on areas where conditions remain abnormal: The labor market imbalance favors workers and will tend to push wages higher. And energy prices remain highly volatile and hugely influential on policymakers, adding uncertainty to our outlook.

Some countries’ slumps will be worse than others’.

The world is not inching back toward normal in unison. Countries with lower personal income levels and more dependence on energy imports will likely suffer more severe slumps than those in which inflation is moderating and real incomes are rising. Governments or companies outside the U.S. with dollar-denominated liabilities may also be stressed by the currency’s sharp appreciation. Investors should assess whether those risks — which apply to many emerging markets as well as Europe and parts of Asia — are adequately priced into financial markets.

Figure 2: Figure 2: When investors try  to ease conditions on their own
Inflation is likely to remain elevated, but any recession should be relatively mild (at least in the U.S.).

Private sector balance sheets still look solid, which is mostly a good thing.

We continue to be impressed with global consumers’ resilience as they save less to grow their spending well in excess of inflation. Their efforts are keeping the global economy upright. Strong hiring demand and wage growth are helping, as are the still-large stock of excess savings on household balance sheets and the legacy of low interest rates keeping debt service costs manageable. But this resilience has a downside if it encourages central banks to press harder on the brake to slow inflation. If consumers continue to be unusually resistant to rising rates, it may give central banks the green light to hike more.

Yes, it really is still all about central banks.

Markets continue to view all data through the prism of how central banks will respond, which explains why negative inflection points for equities have come just after unexpectedly strong labor market data. Central banks, especially in Europe, are hiking rates into softening economic conditions, inviting a form of stagflation should energy prices fail to come down quickly. And each time markets have begun to price in easier policy — as they did in July — central banks have pulled them back (Figure 2). With the U.S. Fed leading the charge on inflation fighting, we expect the U.S. dollar to remain strong and U.S. rates to rise somewhat further and remain there for longer than what has been priced in.

Endnotes
Sources
All market and economic data from Bloomberg, FactSet and Morningstar.

The views and opinions expressed are for informational and educational purposes only as of the date of production/writing and may change without notice at any time based on numerous factors, such as market or other conditions, legal and regulatory developments, additional risks and uncertainties and may not come to pass. This material may contain “forward-looking” information that is not purely historical in nature.

Such information may include, among other things, projections, forecasts, estimates of market returns, and proposed or expected portfolio composition. Any changes to assumptions that may have been made in preparing this material could have a material impact on the information presented herein by way of example. Past performance is no guarantee of future results. Investing involves risk; principal loss is possible.

All information has been obtained from sources believed to be reliable, but its accuracy is not guaranteed. There is no representation or warranty as to the current accuracy, reliability or completeness of, nor liability for, decisions based on such information and it should not be relied on as such. For term definitions and index descriptions, please access the glossary on nuveen.com. Please note, it is not possible to invest directly in an index.

Important information on risk
All investments carry a certain degree of risk and there is no assurance that an investment will provide positive performance over any period of time. Equity investing involves risk. Investments are also subject to political, currency and regulatory risks. These risks may be magnified in emerging markets. Diversification is a technique to help reduce risk. There is no guarantee that diversification will protect against a loss of income. Investing in municipal bonds involves risks such as interest rate risk, credit risk and market risk, including the possible loss of principal. The value of the portfolio will fluctuate based on the value of the underlying securities. There are special risks associated with investments in high yield bonds, hedging activities and the potential use of leverage. Portfolios that include lower rated municipal bonds, commonly referred to as “high yield” or “junk” bonds, which are considered to be speculative, the credit and investment risk is heightened for the portfolio. Credit ratings are subject to change. AAA, AA, A, and BBB are investment grade ratings; BB, B, CCC/CC/C and D are below-investment grade ratings. As an asset class, real assets are less developed, more illiquid, and less transparent compared to traditional asset classes. Investments will be subject to risks generally associated with the ownership of real estate-related assets and foreign investing, including changes in economic conditions, currency values, environmental risks, the cost of and ability to obtain insurance, and risks related to leasing of properties. Socially Responsible Investments are subject to Social Criteria Risk, namely the risk that because social criteria exclude securities of certain issuers for non-financial reasons, investors may forgo some market opportunities available to those that don’t use these criteria. Investors should be aware that alternative investments including private equity and private debt are speculative, subject to substantial risks including the risks associated with limited liquidity, the use of leverage, short sales and concentrated investments and may involve complex tax structures and investment strategies. Alternative investments may be illiquid, there may be no liquid secondary market or ready purchasers for such securities, they may not be required to provide periodic pricing or valuation information to investors, there may be delays in distributing tax information to investors, they are not subject to the same regulatory requirements as other types of pooled investment vehicles, and they may be subject to high fees and expenses, which will reduce profits. Alternative investments are not appropriate for all investors and should not constitute an entire investment program. Investors may lose all or substantially all of the capital invested. The historical returns achieved by alternative asset vehicles is not a prediction of future performance or a guarantee of future results, and there can be no assurance that comparable returns will be achieved by any strategy.

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